National Action Plan: Argentina

The Government of Argentina launched its first National Action Plan (NAP) in September, 2015 for a period of three years.

The NAP is conceived as a dynamic instrument, open to modifications, built in a coordinated way within various ministries, in which there is a specific strategy to implement policies which guarantee the compliance of UNSCR on the matter of Women, Peace and Security (WPS). The development of the NAP was led by the Ministry of External Relations and Culture in coordination with the following ministries: Security; Justice and Human Rights; Interior and Transportation; Work, Labor and Social Security; Education; Health; Economy and Public Finances; and Defense.

In Argentina, women have a long history of peace activism, particularly during the Dirty War of the military dictatorship, when Argentinean mothers and grandmothers had relentlessly brought attention to the crimes of the military regime and had demanded the safe return of all the disappeared. Argentina has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. The Argentinian NAP has both an internal and external focus, and is aimed at increasing women’s participation in politics and including a gender perspective in all matters related to peace and security in the national, regional and international level. The NAP is based in these three aspects: participation, protection and gender mainstreaming.

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National Action Plan: Argentina

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Argentina and therefore was not involved in the development process of Argentina‘s NAP.

 

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

In 2011 the former Ministry of External Relations, International Trade and Cult initiated a process of dialogue and rapprochement with CSO and women’s organizations with the aim to know about their proposals regarding the NAP and to incorporate their inputs in the building process of the NAP as well as during the monitoring stage of its implementation.

NAP Implementation

We currently do not have a list of the civil society organizations who participated in the process with the government. 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The NAP does not mention any civil society organization or civil society as a whole as an actor or actors to participate in the monitoring and evaluation process of the NAP's implementation. 

Government Actors

NAP Development

In 2011, the Ministry of External Relations, International Trade and Culture convened all actors involved in the WPS agenda to a participative and inter-institutional exercise with the goal to build a joint vision on peace and security with a gender perspective which is captured in the NAP. 

NAP Implementation

The following Ministries are listed as the actors to implement Argentina's NAP: Security; Justice and Human Rights; Interior and Transportation; Work, Labor and Social Security; Education; Health; Economy and Public Finances; Defense; and Exterior Relations and Culture. The National Council of Women is also included in the list.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The following government institutions are convened to monitor and evaluate the NAP: the National Women Council and the Ministries of the Executive Power which participate in this Plan mentioned above.

Objectives

Argentina’s National Action Plan establishes four main goals:

  1. Increase women’s presence both in peace and humanitarian missions as well as in their decision-making level.
  2. Increase women’s political participation in peace and security matters, in peace negotiations, in conflict management and in the decision-making spaces for each of these spheres.
  3. Include a gender perspective in all the peacebuilding activities and humanitarian aid missions, including DDR activities.
  4. Protect women and girls’ human rights in conflict and post-conflict countries (including refugee camps and displacement), particularly towards sexual and gender-based violence, promoting a secure environment.
Action/Activities

Each one of the four objectives, includes a list of various actions, as well as the government actors that will take the lead and be responsible for its implementation. In the first fundamental goal, “Increase women’s presence both in peace and humanitarian missions as well as in their decision-making level”, there are seven actions assigned to the national sphere, i.e. the Argentinian State:

  1. Strengthen the Council on Gender Policies from the Defense Ministry and the specific actors which promote and defend women’s human rights in the Ministry of Security, in its role to guarantee a bigger equality between men and women.
  2. Identify the breakdown of deployed personnel in peace and humanitarian assistance missions according to sex and task developed, and include statistical data on the willingness of the female candidates to deploy in peace missions.
  3. Increase female personnel’s participation in the Army in the essential staff and in Military Observers and Liaison Officers roles in peace missions.
  4. Increase female personnel participation in the Security Forces deployed in peace missions.
  5. Continue to promote the dispersion of information regarding how to access the current peace missions and the women’s experiences in the peace and humanitarian assistance missions in countries of conflict and post-conflict.
  6. The White Helmet Commission should promote the volunteer participation in the peace missions, and would consider the inclusion of their personnel in various profiles that could assess the reconstruction processes in conflict and post-conflict countries and on situations of emergency and natural disasters.
  7. Promote the egalitarian selection of humanitarian organization with female presence and/or gender perspectives for humanitarian assistance.
Timeframe

The implementation period for the Argentinian National Action Plan is three years starting in 2015.

 

Budget

Argentina’s National Action Plan does not include an allocated or estimated budget. No indicators or actions are included that formulate fundraising strategies, detail what level of funding is required for which specific activities, or what accountability mechanisms will ensure funding is raised and used in implementing the NAP. Nonetheless, the NAP states that each participating body is responsible for managing the human and financial resources needed to implement the NAP according to the actions established in it.

Indicators

The Argentinian NAP includes a final page where the indicators for each objective is listed. For example, in order to fulfil the Objective number 2, “Increase women’s political participation in peace and security matters, in peace negotiations, in conflict management and in the decision-making spaces for each of these spheres”, there is this indicator established:

  • The second year of the NAP implementation there is updated data on the number and percentage of women in the executive branch in the public administration.
Monitoring & Evaluation

The monitoring and evaluation indicators designed for this NAP have the goal to measure the advances in the implementation of the NAP in the period of three years. These indicators have been created based on the indicators proposed by the Secretary General at the United Nations Security Council in response to UNSCR 1889 (2009).
Through the Department called Direccion de la Mujer, the Ministry of External Relations and Culture will convene the National Women Council and the Ministries of the Executive Power which participate in this Plan: Security; Justice and Human Rights; Interior and Transportation; Work, Labor and Social Security; Education; Health; Economy and Public Finances; and Defense. All of them will create and implement a Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism with an institutional nature which will guide their actions, enact the pertinent periodic revisions and announce the advances of the NAP implementation.

Disarmament

One of the main goals of the Argentinian NAP is to “include a gender perspective in all the peacebuilding activities and humanitarian aid missions, including DDR activities” and, one of the actions established to fulfill this goal is to offer capacity-building to the deployed personnel on peace missions on DDR from a gender perspective. This allows them to identify the specific needs of female ex combatants (women and girls), particularly, in social reintegration processes, women’s rights and protection from all kinds of violence, and in mechanisms to detect and address gender-based violence and human trafficking victims. Furthermore, in the peace and humanitarian assistance missions, the Punto Focal de Genero (Focal Gender Point) will participate and execute the DDR operations when mandated from the competent organism and will guard a gender perspective in those processes.