National Action Plan: Moldova

On March 21, 2018, the Government of the Republic of Moldova approved the National Programme to implement the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security for 2018-2021 and the National Action Plan regarding the implementation of the programme. For the past three years,  a series of dialogues, roundtables and meetings have been held to increase the level of awareness of public authorities’ representatives and civil society with the provisions of Resolution 1325. Civil servants, women deputies, members of the Common Platform of Dialogue in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, activists in the field of gender equality, national and international experts attended these events and have created an appropriate framework to initiate the elaboration of the National Program. The NAP is primarily focused on  women’s participation in the security and defense sectors and even outlines 8 barriers that reduce the representation for women’s participation in these sectors thus making it less inclusive.

Moldova has not been involved in any recent conflict although there have been tensions with Ukraine over the Transnistrian territory and the Dniester river. Moldova is one of the primary source countries for women subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour throughout Europe. Moldova ranks 30 out of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1994. Moldova signed the Arms Trade treaty (ATT) on 10 September 2015 and ratified it on September 28th, 2015.

The inaugural NAP strengthens opportunities for local women civil society  involvement at all stages of the NAP, including development, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation.  The inclusion of civil society is even mentioned in one objectives of the NAP which is objective 6 and states, “Strengthening the transparency and involvement of the civil society in the decisions taken by the security and defense system.” There is not a specific budget outlined in the NAP, although, throughout the implementation stages, the funding will come from the annually approved allocations of the responsibly authority or institution’s budget.  However, gaps remain in other key areas such as disarmament, as it still is not mentioned or referenced in the NAP.

 

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Moldova and therefore was not involved in the development process of Moldova’s NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

Civil society formed part of the development of the NAP in partnership with government institutions.

NAP Implementation

In order to ensure an inclusive and transparent process of implementation of the National Program and Action Plan, the Reintegration Policy Bureau will create a group of implementing partners. Civil society organizations and development partners will be included by coordinating institutions to identify the most effective ways to coordinate efforts and programs aimed at promoting women and gender equality in the field of security and defense.

 NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society will  be involved in the implementation and monitoring stages.

Government Actors

NAP Development:

The NAP was developed with different ministries such as the Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection, Ministry of Internal Affairs.

NAP Implementation:

Along with the aforementioned ministries, central authorities will be responsible for accomplishing their objectives within the deadlines outlined in the NAP and submit necessary information to the responsible entities for creating reports on the implementation of each action, annually until January 5th. They are responsible for integrating the provisions from the NAP  into annual action plans, monitoring and reporting on progress and implementation difficulties on a regular basis, and designating a person responsible for coordinating this process.

Monitoring and Evaluation:

The NAP will be undergo regular evaluations that will assess how delivery processes of the NAP’s strategic outcomes are led, how challenges are addressed and what best practices are to further build upon.  Based on the evaluations, if necessary, a set of amendments to further improve the NAP will be submitted to the Parliament of Georgia for approval.

Objectives

The Moldovan NAP is outlined with eight key objectives. The objectives are the following:

1. Reducing the stereotypes about the role of women in the security and defense sector;

2.  Improving the opportunities for women and men from the system to reconcile the professional and family life;

3. Preventing and responding to discrimination, harassment, and gender-based violence within the sector;

4. Developing an inclusive and pro-active human resources management system;

5. Implementing reasonable adjustment and special temporary measures in the security and defense system;

6. Strengthening the transparency and involvement of the civil society in the decisions taken by the security and defense system;

7. Developing the institutional capacity for mainstreaming gender in security and defense policies;

8. Supporting the participation of women in peacebuilding and peacekeeping missions.

Action/Activities

Each objective in Moldova's NAP offers a set of activities. For example, Objective 6 - "Strengthening the transparency and involvement of the civil society in the decisions taken by the security and defense system", the following activities are listed:

1. Establishment of advisory expert groups from the Human Rights and Gender Equality fields;

2. Establishment of a pro- active, predictable and permanent process of consulting the civil society and citizens;

3. Enter into partnerships with human rights and gender equality organizations.

Timeframe

The fourth NAP is to be implemented in a period of four years 2018-2021.

Budget

Throughout the implementation stages, the funding for the NAP will come from the annually approved allocations of the responsibly authority or institution’s budget.  However, no specific budget is included.

Indicators

Each activity has a set of indicators attached. For example, for Objective 6 - "Strengthening the transparency and involvement of the civil society in the decisions taken by the security and defense system", lists the following indicator:

1. Growth % of recommendations received from citizens and NGOs.

Monitoring & Evaluation

The Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection, Ministry of Internal Affairs will be responsible for certain objectives and for monitoring the results.   Along with the aforementioned ministries, central authorities will be responsible for accomplishing their objectives within the deadlines outlined in the NAP and submit necessary information to the responsible entities for creating reports on the implementation of each action, annually until January 5th. Classified information will not be involved in the reporting, monitoring or evaluation of the implementation of the NAP The NAP will have mid-term reviews which will address the achieved progress at each objective level. Each objective has a representative indicator that will reveal the impact of the implementation of the initiatives / activities.

Disarmament

The NAP fails to include any references to disarmament.