The Canadian Government drafted a NAP in 2006, which proceeded to consultation with Civil Society in 2007. The final NAP was not adopted until 2010 and covers the period up to March 31, 2016. The NAP’s development was led by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade with contribution from the Department of National Defense, the Canadian International Development Agency, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Public Safety Canada, Status of Women Canada and Justice Canada, as well as Civil Society Organizations. The NAP of Canada expired in March 2016 and the government has pledged to renew the plan. However, no revised NAP has been adopted as of November 2016.
Canada does not have a recent history of internal armed conflict or face serious external armed threats. However, Canada is a contributor to UN Peacekeeping missions, UN sanctioned NATO military missions, international humanitarian relief support and development assistance. As such, the Canadian NAP has been interpreted in an international way, seeking to mainstream gender and implement UNSCR 1325 across these activities, particularly as related to peace operations and engagement in fragile states and conflict-affected situations.
From a recent academic analysis: The 2010 Canadian National Action Plan concretely encompasses not just UNSCR 1325 but the other security council resolutions relating to Women, Peace, and Security. The objectives of this action plan follow the resolution objectives of prevention, participation, protection, relief and recovery. Canada places a lot of focus on bilateral and multi-lateral advocacy, which includes significant roles with partners such as the Group of Friends of Women, Peace and Security. (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014)