National Action Plan: Germany

TFlag of Germanyhe German NAP was released in 2013 and covers the period 2013-2016.  There was no lead agent specified, nevertheless the "Federal Government" is mentioned in the introduction.

Germany is taking part in the current military intervention against ISIS/Daesh in Iraq. Prior to that, Germany was involved in Operation Serval in Mali (2013-2014) and in the Afghanistan War (2001-2014). Germany is a key contributor to UN peacekeeping operations and NATO military missions, and provides international humanitarian relief and development assistance.
From a recent academic analysis: The German NAP is interesting because the Federal Government had made it clear in past years that it did not see the value in adopting a NAP and preferred a ‘mainstreaming approach’. Nevertheless, the Government adopted a NAP to “redouble the strategic orientation of its efforts in the implementation of Resolution 1325” (pg. 5). The NAP is relatively unspecific although it is fairly comprehensive in laying out many different activities under the six priority areas. The Germany NAP is the only NAP to include ‘Criminal Prosecution’ as a separate priority area. (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014)

Document PDF: 

Germany analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

WILPF
WILPF International does not have a country section in Germany and therefore was not involved in the development process of Germany's NAP.
Civil Society Actors

NAP Development
The ministries in Germany involved in the development and implementation of UNSCR 1325 worked with civil society actors and established an inter-ministerial working group to coordinate German policy.

NAP Implementation
Resolution 1325 emphasizes the importance of civil society in the implementation of the resolution’s targets. The Federal Government shares this view. It repeatedly puts the contents of Resolution 1325 at the center of dialogue events in various forums involving civil society actors, in particular women’s organizations.

The inter-ministerial working group will invite representatives of civil society organizations to an annual meeting. In this meeting participants will share information regarding the status of the Action Plan's implementation and discuss proposals for its further development.

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation
The inter-ministerial working group on the implementation of Resolution 1325 will in the future invite representatives of civil society organizations to an annual meeting. In this meeting participants will share information regarding the status of the Action Plan's implementation and discuss proposals for its further development.

Government Actors

NAP Development
The ministries in Germany involved in drafting the NAP include, Federal Foreign Office (AA), the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ), the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI), the Federal Ministry of Justice (BMJ), the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg) and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). These ministries established an inter ministerial working group to coordinate German policy regarding the implementation of Resolution 1325. This working group drafted the NAP with civil society stakeholders.

NAP Implementation
The implementation of Germany's NAP will be handled by the Federal Government and its various ministries. The ministries named in parenthesis at the end of each measure are responsible for their respective areas. Some of them include: AA=Federal Foreign Office, BMZ=Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, BMJ=Federal Ministry of Justice and BMI=Federal Ministry of the Interior.

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation
The Federal Government of Germany will continually review the targets and measures outlined in the Action Plan and report to the German Bundestag on its implementation.

Objectives

The four strategic targets or stated objective of the German Action Plan for 2013-2016 are listed below:

  • Increased involvement of women in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms aimed at preventing and managing conflicts
  • A high awareness level regarding gender-specific issues among staff participating in conflict prevention, conflict management and post-conflict peacebuilding
  • Heightened and appropriate attention to gender perspectives and participation of women in the negotiation and implementation of peace agreements
  • Heightened and appropriate attention to the needs of women in the planning and carrying out of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities (DDR)

In addition, Germany's NAP also targets the protection of women:

  • Effective protection of women and girls against human rights violations
  • Effective protection of women and girls in conflicts against sexual violence and abuse
  • Effective prosecution of sexual violence and other crimes against women and girls
Action/Activities

There are actions listed under the following categories: 1) Prevention; 2) Preparation of operations, basic, advanced and continuing training; 3) Participation; 4) Protection; 5) Reintegration and reconstruction; and 6) Criminal Prosecution. Also, there are ministries named in parenthesis at the end of each measure, which are responsible for their respective areas. See below as example:

"The Federal Government is committed to a stronger role for gender-based aspects in the preventative diplomacy and is increasingly incorporating these aspects in briefings, discussions, concept papers and strategies. (AA)"

Timeframe
The general period presented is from 2013 to 2016 for the implementation of the Action Plan, but the German NAP does not offer timeframes for specific activities.
Budget
For humanitarian aid measures, financial support by the Federal Government is tied to procedures that ensure the equal participation of women and take into account their special interests and needs.
Indicators

Germany's NAP uses the EU's Indicators for the Comprehensive Approach to the EU's Implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 and 1820 on women, peace and security. These indicators are based on the priority areas of prevention, participation, protection, reconstruction and reintegration. Some examples taken from Germany’s NAP are:

  • Number and percentage of women mediators and negotiators and women’s civil society groups in formal or informal peace negotiations supported by the EU.
  • Number of cases of sexual abuse or exploitation by CSDP staff investigated and acted upon
Monitoring & Evaluation
The Federal Government of Germany will continually review the targets and measures outlined in the Action Plan and report to the German Bundestag on its implementation.
Disarmament

Germany sets four strategic "Targets" for its Action Plan. The fourth target maintains Germany's "Heightened and appropriate attention to the needs of women in the planning and carrying out of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities."

The Federal Government makes sure that its project work to combat illegal small arms also takes in consideration gender-specific issues, and in particular secures the involvement of women in the control of small arms.

In Germany’s NAP, under the "Protection" section, the country heads the, 'Group of Interested States in the Practical Disarmament Measures.' This group provides a forum for exchange through project work and political measures, with the aim of supporting implementation of the United Nations' Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons, which regularly deals with gender-specific issues.