National Action Plan: Nigeria

Nigeria launched its second National Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSC1235 and related resolutions (NAP) on 9 May 2017, for the period between 2017 and 2020. The updated NAP was developed by the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development with the support of Nigerian Stability Reconciliation Programme (NSRP), the European Union and UN Women. In the course of the implementation of the first NAP (2013-2017), several gaps were observed and formed the basis, among other reasons, to review the plan in order to incorporate emerging issues in Nigeria (i.e.: non-inclusion of violent extremism and limited consideration of post-conflict and reintegration issues), as well as address the gaps identified in the first NAP (i.e. absence of crisis management and recovery strategies, ambiguous language and inadequate monitoring and evaluation architecture). The reviewed NAP (2017-2020) is robust and detailed. It has clear implementation, monitoring and evaluation strategies and reporting pathways.

 

Since its independence in 1960, thousands of Nigerians have lost their lives in various levels of armed conflicts and violence. As a nation, Nigeria faces several challenges including an economic crisis triggered mostly by low oil prices, a resurgence of militancy in the Delta over economic grievances, an uptick in agitation in the Southeast by pro-Biafra nationalists, and ongoing conflicts over land use in the Middle Belt. The conflict in the North East caused by Boko Haram since 2009, has resulted in massive loss of lives, property and livelihoods. Many people have become perpetually internally displaced. Nigerian women have paid a heavy price in the long and violent conflicts that have been ravaging the country especially in the past two decades. Nigerian women have endured unprecedented levels of sexual violence and assault, along with related HIV infection, involuntary pregnancies and health complications as a result of abuses, increased food insecurity, and forced several women to flee from their homes.

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Nigeria Launches National Action Plan On Women, Peace, Security

Nigeria NAP (2017-2020)

WILPF

WILPF Nigeria actively participated in the development process of the second Nigerian NAP. Joy Onyesoh, WILPF Nigeria’s President, has served as a zonal consultant for the South West of Nigeria providing technical insights and guidance to the process. WILPF Nigeria participated in the validation process of the reviewed NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Process

The review process of Nigeria's NAP was inclusive, participatory and included input from civil society organisations and faith-based organisations. A Steering Committee on UNSCR1325 provided guidance for the overall preparation process. The Steering Committee consisted of various government ministries, UN entities and civil society organizations.                                  

NAP Implementation

Civil society organisations will be present in the process of NAP implementation along with federal ministries, Nigerian Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), National Refugee Commission and development partners, such as UN Women, UNHCR, UNFPA and others.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The monitoring and evaluation framework which also incorporates a reporting template was developed after careful consultations at zonal and national levels, including with leaders of civil society.

Government Actors

NAP Development

The Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development was the lead agency in the development process of Nigeria's NAP. The NAP Steering Committee, which consisted of government ministries, departments, agencies and civil society organisations, provided guidance for the overall NAP development process.

NAP Implementation

The Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development is in charge of providing strategic leadership, overall guidance and supervision for the NAP implementation.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation                                                               

The monitoring and evaluation framework, which also incorporates a reporting template, was developed after careful consultations at zonal and national levels, including with leaders of civil society. This framework is to be used at all levels such as federal, state and community levels. The National Technical Working Group (NTWG) has a critical role in the monitoring and evaluation of the plan. Reports from the local and state levels can be sent to the NAP Secretariat housed in the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs.

Objectives

The primary objectives of Nigeria's NAP are focused on what Nigeria's NAP refers to as the Five Pillars: Prevention, Participation, Protection, Crisis Management, Partnerships.

  • Prevention and Disaster Preparedness: To  ensure prevention of conflict and all forms of violence against women and girls, institute coping mechanisms and systems for averting and mitigating disasters;
     
  • Protection and Prosecution: To ensure the rights of women and girls are protected and promoted in conflict and peace and also to prosecute such rights violations;
     
  • Participation and Representation: To increase participation and engagement of women and inclusion of women’s interests in decision-making processes related to conflict prevention and peacebuilding;
     
  • Crisis Management, Early Recovery and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: To ensure specific relief and recovery needs of women and girls are met and women’s capacities to act as agents in crisis, recovery and post-conflict situations are reinforced;
     
  • Partnerships, Coordination and Management: To ensure increase in the capacity and resources to coordinate, implement, monitor and report on women, peace and security plans and programmes.
Action/Activities

Each area of work has different actions assigned. For example, Pillar 1 (Prevention and Disaster Preparedness) includes the following actions:

  • Establishment of new laws aimed at protecting women and girls in conflict and disaster;
  • Implementation of existing and new laws and policies that enhance conflict prevention systems for women;
  • Training of MDAs (Ministries, Departments and Agencies) and stakeholders on inclusive and gender-responsive approaches to services for conflict and disaster prevention.
Timeframe
The implementation period for the Nigerian National Plan of Action is three years (2017-2020).
Budget
Pillar 5 of the NAP aims at ensuring increase in resources available to to coordinate, implement, monitor and report on women, peace and security plans and programmes. The NAP will be financed through domestic and external support through a multi-stakeholder approach. Domestic sources include state and non-state actors operating within Nigeria such as the Organized Private Sector, revenue generating state agencies, state governments, and financial Financial Institutions. External sources include UN entities, Regional Economic Community and multi/bi-lateral relations.
Indicators

Each strategic objective has a number of listed indicators. For example, the first objective of Pillar 1, “Establishment of new laws aimed at protecting women and girls in conflict and disaster”, includes several indicators:

  1. Number and types of laws and policies enacted;
  2. Level of compliance to laws and policies safeguarding women from conflict;
  3. Extent to which preventable disasters and violations of human rights of women and girls are reported, referred and investigated;
  4. Number and any types of cases/actions taken/recommendations made to address preventable disasters and violations affecting women and girls.
Monitoring & Evaluation
The monitoring and evaluation framework which also incorporates a reporting template was developed after careful consultations at zonal and national levels, including with leaders of civil society. This framework is to be used at all levels such as federal, state, zonal and community levels.
Disarmament
Nigeria's NAP does not discuss disarmament issues despite the recent conflicts and use of small arms that have affected women, children, and the civilian population in general.