In 2009 the Philippines launched a National Action Plan for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 for the period 2010-2016. Government and Civil Society actors were involved in collaborative and consultative processes, through the NAP Preparatory Committee, which conducted extensive national and regional consultations at various stages of the NAP’s development.
Since the 1960s, the Philippines has experienced various forms of armed conflict and violence, including intra-state conflict, terrorism, ‘warlordism’, armed separatist movements. Separatist movements remained active until 2011 and underwent various periods of escalation violating negotiated peace agreements. Women have been instrumental in peace-building and reconciliation, facilitating community dialogues, delivering humanitarian aid and support, managing evacuation centers, supporting displaced persons and delivering peace education programs. Despite the unique impact of conflict on women, and their significant contribution to restoring peace, they have traditionally played a limited role in official peace processes.
From a recent academic analysis: The Philippines was the first country in Asia to adopt a NAP in 2010. Its NAP is unique for having such a long time-period spanning seven years from 2010 to 2016. Like other NAPs, it is quick to mention measures already taken to implement UNSCR 1325 and subsequent resolutions prior to adopting a NAP. Most notably, in 2009 the Philippines enacted the Magna Carta of Women (MCW), which provides for increased participation of women in peace building processes and their protection from gender-based violence in situations of armed conflicts. The NAP also includes a relatively comprehensive historical background of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) situation in the country dating back to the 1960s (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014).