National Action Plan: Serbia

Flag of SerbiaSerbia launched its NAP in 2010 for the period 2010-2015. Its development was led by the Ministry of Defense.

Serbia has a recent history of conflict as part of the former Yugoslavia in the late 1990s. The NAP refers to it in the introduction: “The crimes perpetrated against members of Serbian people and the citizens of Serbia during the armed conflicts in the Republic of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo and Metohija are strongly condemned; regret and solidarity with the victims of the NATO bombing is expressed; all international actors are invited to fully investigate and properly punish the perpetrators of crimes against the Serbian people and the citizens of Serbia and seek solutions that will ensure that these kinds of casualties will never occur again.”

From a recent academic analysis: The Serbian NAP is unique in that the Ministry of Defense was charged the lead role in its development. In terms of content, it calls for the establishment of three bodies – the Political Council (a high level political body to create political conditions necessary for realization of NAP objectives), the Multi-sector Coordination Body as the operational body of the Serbian Government, and the Supervisory Body as a democratic monitoring mechanism overseeing the implementation of the NAP. Finally, the Serbian NAP has a specific strategic object of enlisting the support of media outlets to support objectives laid out in the NAP (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014).

Document PDF: 

Serbia NAP

Serbia analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

WILPF
WILPF International does not have a country section in Serbia and therefore was not involved in the development process of Serbia's NAP
Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

The Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence-The Role of Women in the Construction of a New Security Paradigm in Serbia, which was dedicated to presenting the potential role of women in the security sector, in the context of UNSCR 1325, and the project of drafting the guidelines for writing the National Action Plan to implement UN SC Resolution 1325.

NAP Implementation

No information on this section

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Independent monitoring is performed by the public in general, which should be provided through the media with information on all stages and results of the implementation.

Government Actors

NAP Development

Working Group for drafting the Republic of Serbia National Action Plan to implement UN SC Resolution 1325, with the Ministry of Defense being the leading agency, with full cooperation of other ministries The project of drafting the guidelines for writing the National Action Plan to implement UN SC Resolution 1325 in the Republic of Serbia was supported by the OSCE Mission to Serbia, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, UNIFEM and the Canadian Fund.

NAP Implementation

The Political Council: Taking care directly of creating political conditions for the realization of the NAPS objectives and activities Multi-sectoral coordinating Body: Operational body of the Serbian Government

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Supervisory Body: Monitoring mechanism for the implementation of NAP: controlling and supervising the work of all bodies. Formed by representatives of the National Parliament.

Objectives

Objectives are classified in strategic and general ones. Examples of each are listed below:

General Objective: Ensuring equal participation of women in conflict resolution, post-conflict situations and in multinational operations.

Strategic Objective: Media support to achieving objectives and activities of the Republic of Serbia’s national action plan.

Action/Activities

Example taken from NAP:

General Objective: Securing the institutional mechanisms for implementing the NAP to implement UNSCR 1325 in Serbia

Specific Objectives: Providing systemic prerequisites for the implementation of the National Action Plan to implement UN SC Resolution 1325 in the Republic of Serbia Activities 1.4. A representative of the Ministry of Defense shall be appointed to the Gender Equality Council of the Government. Implementing agencies and associates The Government

Timeframe

The general time frame for Serbia's NAP implementation is from 2010 to 2015; however, the activities mentioned in the document have specific time frames as well. For example indicator 1.4 'A representative of the Ministry of Defence shall be appointed to the Gender Equality Council of the Government' shall be completed within the timeframe of 2010-2011.

Budget

The funds for the implementation of activities identified by the NAP to implement UNSCR 1325 will be provided by the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Serbia, based on the annual plans and expressed needs of the relevant ministries / directorates / agencies in the security sector.

Besides, may be co-financed and implemented in cooperation with the UNIFEM, OSCE Mission to Serbia, the European Union or other national and international partners.

Indicators
Not specified. Country has good and specific description on objectives, actions, actors and timelines. However, there are not specific information in measurable indicators to assess performance.
Monitoring & Evaluation
The Supervisory Body is the democratic monitoring mechanism for the implementation of NAP. It will be in charge of controlling and supervising the work of all bodies. Formed by representatives of the National Parliament.
Disarmament
Disarmament is mentioned under one of the General Objectives, in which an action suggested is on: 2.1. Equal treatment in decision-making and greater presence of women in the process of planning and implementation of: disarmament, peace building, reconstruction of society and reintegration of refugees.