Uganda developed a NAP for the national implementation of UNSCR1325, 1820 and the Goma Declaration on Eradicating Sexual Violence and Ending Impunity in the Great Lakes Region (Goma Declaration) in 2008. The development was lead by the Ministry of Gender Labor and Social Development and forms part of a broader national strategic framework on the advancement of women; in particular the five year National Action Plan on Women (2007) which set out priorities in peace building, conflict resolution and the rights of women and girls to live freedom from violence.
Uganda has a long history of civil war and continues to face ongoing internal conflict, armed insurgency and elections related violence. However, its geographical position in the Great Lakes region also exposes Uganda to complex intra-state conflicts with bordering countries and non-state armed groups. Conflict in Uganda, and in the Great Lakes region more broadly, has been characterized by gross human rights violations, including human trafficking, torture, abduction and systematic sexual violence, including sexual slavery. Women and children are disproportionately affected, and also represent the vast majority of internally displaced persons and refugees.
From a recent academic analysis: The Ugandan NAP is actually not only directed at implementing UNSCR 1325 but also UNSCR 1820 and the Goma declaration. The sub-heading of their plan is “commitments to address sexual violence against women in armed conflict.” Nevertheless, the plan does prioritize other issues apart from protection from Gender-Based Violence (GBV). The UNFPA financed NAP development but there was no indication of who would finance NAP implementation. The action plan includes an extensive situational analysis of the existing legal and policy framework governing WPS as well as offering a historical background of GBV in Uganda (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014).