The policy framework on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) extends from the international to the local level, from intergovernmental bodies such as the United Nations to local women’s movements.
In response to persistent advocacy from civil society the UN Security Council has so far, adopted five resolutions on “Women, Peace and Security”. These resolutions are: Security Councils Resolution 1325 (2000); 1820 (2009); 1888 (2009); 1889 (2010) and 1960 (2011).

The five resolutions should be taken together under a single umbrella, as they comprise the Women, Peace and Security international policy framework. They guide work to promote and protect the rights of women in conflict and post-conflict situations. Additionally, as binding Security Council resolutions, they should be implemented by all Member States and relevant actors, including UN system entities and parties to conflict.
It is clear from the Security Council’s political recognition of the Women, Peace and Security agenda that gender is indeed central to international peace and security. However, accountability, implementation and action on the ground remain seriously lacking.

 

UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace & Security

Resolution PeaceWomen Comments

 

1325 (2000)

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1820 (2008)

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1888 (2009)

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1889 (2009)

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1960 (2010)

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2106 (2013)

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2122 (2013)

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SCR1325

The first resolution on Women, Peace and Security, Security Council Resolution 1325 (SCR1325), was unanimously adopted by United Nations Security Council on 31 October 2000. SCR1325 marked the first time the Security Council addressed the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women; recognized the under-valued and under-utilized contributions women make to conflict prevention, peacekeeping, conflict resolution and peace-building. It also stressed the importance of women’s equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security.

Key Provisions of SCR 1325:
• Increased participation and representation of women at all levels of decision-making.
• Attention to specific protection needs of women and girls in conflict.
• Gender perspective in post-conflict processes.
• Gender perspective in UN programming, reporting and in SC missions.
• Gender perspective & training in UN peace support operations.

Key Actors responsible for implementation of SCR 1325 include: the Security Council; Member States; UN entities; the Secretary General; and parties to conflict.
The Women, Peace and Security agenda is anchored in the principle that effective incorporation of gender perspectives and women’s rights can have a meaningful and positive impact on the lives of women, men, girls, and boys on the ground. Its interlinked and mutually reinforcing aspects (sometimes referred to as Pillars or the “3 Ps”) -- protection, prevention and participation -- are critical in respecting human rights and dignity and in tackling the root causes of conflict to create sustainable peace.

SCR 1820, SCR 1888, SCR 1889

In 2008, the UN Security Council adopted the second resolution, Resolution 1820 (SCR 1820), on sexual violence as a weapon of war. The third and fourth resolutions, SCR 1888 and SCR 1889, were adopted in 2009 to strengthen elements of the previously adopted resolutions. Specifically, SCR 1888 builds on SCR 1820 and calls for the appointment of the Special Representative on sexual violence in conflict, as well as establishes Women Protection Advisors (WPAs) within peacekeeping missions, in addition to a Team of Experts, meant to rapidly deploy to situations of sexual violence.
SCR 1889 is focused on post-conflict peacebuilding, and in particular calls for the development of indicators to measure the implementation of SCR 1325 both within the UN system, and by Member States.

SCR1960

In December 2010, noting that sexual violence during armed conflict remains systematic, rampant, and widespread, the Security Council unanimously adopted a new resolution, Resolution 1960 (2010). This new resolution creates institutional tools and teeth to combat impunity and outlines specific steps needed for both the prevention of and protection from sexual violence in conflict. The new “naming and shaming,” listing mechanism mandated in the Resolution is a step forward in bringing justice for victims and a recognition that sexual violence is a serious violation of human rights and international law. However, for now, listing is only limited to situations on the Security Council’s agenda. The Resolution was negotiated under the US Presidency (as were both SCR 1820 & 1888), and it covers the main recommendations in the Secretary-General’s report (S/2010/604). The Report is a robust document and provides concrete examples and policy recommendations (attached above).