Women in Algeria have achieved significant representation in the workforce and government in spite of restrictive laws and practices. The People’s National Assembly, the lower chamber of parliament, adopted a draft law in March 2016 to amend the penal code to criminalize physical violence against a spouse and sexual harassment in public spaces, but amid opposition from Islamist and conservative parties by September, the Senate had still to debate and vote on the proposed law. During the internal conflicts of the 1990s, Algerian women were targeted for abduction, rape and murder by extremist groups. Algeria acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1996 and is currently ranked number 120 of 144 on the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Algerian civil society organisations have continued to work for the protection of women from violence and equality under all laws. With regards to disarmament, Algeria voted for the adopted of the World Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified the document. During the Security Council's open debate on Women, Peace and Security in October, 2015, Algeria expressed commitments to reinforce the participation of women and mainstream the gender perspective in conflict- resolution and peacekeeping operations by providing the necessary training for the mediators and envoys who participate in mediation and ceasefires and in achieving peace and preventive diplomacy; ensure that peace agreements include provisions to strengthen the role of women in conflict-resolution, such as the Algiers Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali; break the silence and raise awareness so as to prevent sexual violence, protect victims and provide them with the opportunity to be reintegrated into their societies. The National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) has not been developed yet; however, at the October 2016 open debate on Women, Peace and Security, Algeria has committed to develop a NAP in collaboration with civil society organisations.