Country / Region profile of: Angola

 

Women in Angola benefit from the constitution's prohibition of discrimination based on gender. From 1975 until 2002, Angola experienced civil unrest. Throughout this conflict, women and children were particularly affected, including the use of women as rewards for soldiers following a victory. Recently, Congolese and Angolan authorities have expelled immigrants from both countries across the border. This deportation has been accompanied by sexual assault for many female immigrants. Angola acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1986 and ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa in 2007. Angola voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 24th September 2013, but has not yet ratified. Currently, Angola is ranked at 117 of 144 on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2016. In 2016, Angola spent $ 2824 million on military spending. During the 2015 October Open Debate, Angola committed to including a gender perspective in the national budget with a view to fulfilling the commitments established by resolution 1325 (2000). However, there is still no National Action Plan for Angola to ensure the implementation of UNSCR 1325 (2000); however, Angola has drafted a NAP in 2016 featuring seven objectives designed to increase women's participation in conflict prevention. The plan was developed through collaboration with civil society and does not yet have a release date. Civil society organisations continue to work to ensure that there is equality in Angola for women in practice to match their legal rights.

"Our field study demonstrated that the large majority of respondents did not identify gender equality as a right, let alone had any knowledge of legal instruments to promote it. Hence, along with PMA, we are conducting a series of workshops for local civil society leaders in Luanda province, improving knowledge about women’s rights in general" - Women’s Platform for Action Angola