Although Kenya's new 2010 Constitution improved women's rights, Kenyan women continue to face challenges in accessing education, employment, and leadership positions. Kenya has had a long history of conflict with several countries, including Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Uganda. Furthermore, Kenya's ethnic diversity has resulted in repeated inter-ethnic violence, including the widespread conflict following the 2007 election. The continuous outburst of conflict in Kenya has disproportionately affected women with forced displacement, escalated sexual and gender-based violence, and widespread HIV/AIDS. Kenya acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 9 March 1984 and is ranked 63 out of 144 listed countries in the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In regards to disarmament, Kenya voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified. In 2016, $933 million was spent by Kenya on its military. On 8 March 2016, International Women’s Day, the Government launched Kenya’s National Action Plan for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). At the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Kenya gave a statement affirming support for WPS and stated that they are working on establishing a strong monitoring system for Kenya’s National Action Plan for Women, Peace and Security and, it is setting up a central depository for peace and security data that can be accessed by everyone. Kenyan women activists continue to struggle against the lack of women's participation in the peace process in addition to the long-lasting impacts of conflict.