Although Kenya's new 2010 Constitution improved women's rights, Kenyan women continue to face challenges in accessing education, employment, and leadership positions. Kenya has had a long history of conflict with several countries, including Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Uganda. Furthermore, Kenya's ethnic diversity has resulted in repeated inter-ethnic violence, including the widespread conflict following the 2007 election. The continuous outburst of conflict in Kenya has disproportionately affected women with forced displacement, escalated sexual and gender-based violence, and widespread HIV/AIDS. Kenya acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 9 March 1984 and is ranked 63 out of 144 listed countries in the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In regards to disarmament, Kenya voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified. In 2015, $954 million was spent by Kenya on its military. Kenya did not attend the 2015 October Security Council Open Debate, Ukraine gave a statement affirming support for WPS and made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Kenyan women activists continue to struggle against the lack of women's participation in the peace process in addition to the long-lasting impacts of conflict.