Newly formed after splitting from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan has ongoing conflict with Sudan over oil and territory. Despite both the SPLA and the SPLA-IO signing a peace agreement in August 2015, conflict continues across South Sudan. The deteriorating security situation mostly affects women and children, and sexual and gender-based violence, including mass rape. South Sudan has not been ranked on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) in 2017. South Sudan has neither signed nor ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). South Sudan voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), but has not yet signed or ratified it. During the 2015 October Security Council Open Debate, South Sudan did not participate. In 2017, $72 million was spent by South Sudan on its military, however, they have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Women activists continue to advocate for the protection of women from ongoing sexual violence and the provision of humanitarian aid, as well as for the greater engagement of women in the peace processes and conflict resolution.