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Disarmament

Landmines

Landmines is a sub-theme of Disarmament, and explores landmines in the context of gender and the women, peace and security agenda.

Anti-personnel landmines have been defined as “explosive device[s] designed to maim or kill the person who triggers it. According to the International Red Cross, they go on killing and maiming soldiers and civilians, men and women, adults and children alike decades after the fighting has ended”. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) present similar challenges to security as landmines and cause similar destruction; they are explosives that did not explode and remained active after the end of armed conflict, including: unexploded bullets, grenades, mortars, cluster bombs, rockets and air-dropped bombs.

While women actually account for a smaller percentage of death by landmines than men, when women are victims and suffer from disabilities caused by landmines, they are often mistreated and have less access to prosthetics and other healthcare needs to treat their wounds than men. They also are often times left by their husbands by divorce or abandonment. Landmines also have a long-term negative social and psychological impacts on women. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (SCR 1325) addresses the use of landmines specifically regarding “the need for all parties to ensure that mine clearance and mine awareness programmes take into account the special needs of women and girls.” SCR1325 highlights the great need for gender perspectives on the issue of landmines.
 

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  • October 17, 2012 (BBC News)
    SRI LANKA: The Women Clearing Sri Lanka's Mines When Sri Lanka's long civil came to an end in 2009, the town of Puthukudiyiruppu was left with a grim legacy. Landmines and other unexploded devices lie behind every tree, in every ditch, in houses, churches and temples.
  • May 26, 2011 (Open Democracy )
    INTERNATIONAL: Landmines data. Rape data How many rapes are too many in war? Of course, one violent sexual attack on a woman is one too many. A single incident could be a war crime....
  • October 5, 2010 (AFP)
    SRI LANKA: Women Clear Sri Lanka's Landmine Legacy Valmathi Jegadas is a different sort of mine clearer to the testosterone-fuelled explosives specialists portrayed in the 2008 Oscar-winning Hollywood hit, The Hurt Locker. A farmer's wife in northern Sri Lanka, Jegadas, 37, earns 200 dollars a month risking her life, and she admits being scared each time she steps into the minefields that are a legacy of the island's long and bloody civil war.

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  • Cluster Munition and Gender: It Takes More Than a Ban, Internationella Kvinnoförbundet för Fred och Frihet (IKFF), 2008 | Download PDF
  • Issue Brief on Landmines , United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), 2006 | Download PDF
  • FACES: Women as Partners in Peace and Security, Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI), October 2004 | Download PDF
  • VISAGES: Les femmes, la paix et la sécurité, United Nations Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI), October 2004 | Download PDF
  • Gender Perspectives on Landmines: How and why are gender perspectives relevant to reducing the scourge of landmines?, Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women (OSAGI) , March 2001 | Download PDF


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Women, War, Peace and Landmines

Women, War, Peace and Landmines