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Demobilization, Disarmament, Repatriation, Resettlement and Reintegration (DDRRR)

In this section, PeaceWomen classifies information by Theme- Demobilization, Disarmament, Repatriation, Resettlement and Reintegration, which forms part of PeaceWomen’s framework to organize our women, peace and security resources for ease of reference and understanding. It is important to note that themes and sub-themes are interlinked and mutually reinforcing.

Disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration, and resettlement (DDRRR) of armed groups is a process that takes place during the implementation phase of a peace process in a conflict-affected situation, and is considered to be “essential for a transition from war to peace to be successful.” The various phases are overlapping and interdependent. DDRRR affects both women and combatants as members of a conflict-affected community.

When women are not included during post-conflict rebuilding or their specific and often different roles are not taken into account, DDR activities are unlikely to be effective. Not only will they be less efficient, but will also run the risk of reinforcing existing gender inequalities in local communities. Such non-inclusive programs will likely exacerbate the economic hardship faced by women and girls from armed groups and will leave unresolved any trauma and reduced physical-capacity experienced as a result of violence during the conflict.

Sub Themes


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  • June 16, 2014 (Thomas Reuters Foundation)
    COLOMBIA: Colombia's War Widows Look to Santos to FulFill Dreams Women and children, particularly from Afro-Colombian and indigenous groups, have borne the brunt of Colombia's 50-year war and make up the majority of those displaced by the fighting between warring factions.
  • February 14, 2014 (VOA News )
    LEBANON: Refugee Women Contend With Domestic Abuse, Sexual Exploitation Palestinian women in Lebanon who are long-term refugees understand the problems faced by women who have fled the Syrian civil war - they share similar hardships and also contend with domestic abuse as well as sexual exploitation.
  • January 27, 2014 (Amnesty International)
    JAPAN: NHK Chief's Sexual Slavery Comments an "Insult" The new head of Japan's national broadcaster NHK defence of the country's wartime military sexual slavery is deplorable, said Amnesty International.
  • January 24, 2014 (The Huffington Post )
    SYRIA: Syria Peace Talks: Bitter Exchanges Mark First Day Of Negotiations The leader of Syria's Western-backed opposition said Thursday he will give his negotiating team the authority it needs in any talks with President Bashar Assad's government. Ahmad al-Jarba, head of the Syrian National Coalition, said he had no timeframe in mind. But, he said, " We made the difficult decision to attend the talks." Speaking at a news conference, he said Assad's allies were falling away as the prospect of peace talks approached.
  • January 18, 2014 (Daily Mail)
    CAMBODIA: Pictured: Cambodian Land Mine Victims Wounded by One of the 6 Million Hidden Devices Waiting to be Detonated are Nursed Back to Health They are victims of a conflict which ended decades ago. But daily suffering is still a fact of life for tens of thousands of wounded men and women in Cambodia, struck down by the countless land mines which lay dormant under its soil. These images, taken this week in a rehabilitation centre in Kampong Cham, one of the largest cities in the country, show some of the nation's 25,000 amputees being helped through their injuries.

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Further Information Panel

UNIFEM DDR Gender Checklist [PDF, 214KB]

Women, War, Peace and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)

Women, War, Peace and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)