The Government of Mali adopted three National Action Plans (NAPs) to date, in 2012, 2015, and 2019, to be implemented for the period of 2012-2014, 2015-2017, and 2019-2023, respectively. Mali's second and third NAPs are currently only available in French. The following is an analysis of Mali's first NAP, which was developed by the Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family, and partially involved civil society with limited input on the NAP's implementation and monitoring.
Mali has a recent history of conflict including a military coup d'etat in March 2012 which led to an armed conflict plagued by high rates of sexual violence against women. Islamic militants took control of the northern part of Mali and have instituted strict Islamic rule. In 2012, at least 50 girls and women were reportedly subjected to sexual abuse including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery and forced marriage by armed militants. Malian authorities have made little progress to hold accountable those implicated in serious abuses committed during the 2012-2013 armed conflict.