On February 2017 Montenegro launched its first UNSCR1325 National Action Plan (NAP) for the period 2017-2018. The NAP came about through a national effort led by various government entities such as the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. There is however no mention of the role of civil society in the process of drafting the NAP. This NAP is important because it constitutes the first attempt of the government of Montenegro to implement the UNSCR 1325 and its related resolutions. It addresses the problem of human trafficking, establishes effective protection of women and girls from discrimination and gender-based violence, as well as increases the representation of women in the decision-making processes in the area of security and peace-building.
Montenegro has no recent history of conflict; it peacefully separated from Serbia after the Referendum held on May, 2006. However, the country was involved in the conflict in Bosnia (1991-1995). Montenegro is also a member of NATO and participates in UN peacekeeping missions in Afghanistan, Liberia, Cyprus and Somalia. In the midst of this, women in Montenegro do not have the same opportunities of political participation and equal pay as men. Domestic violence is another widespread problem in Montenegro.
The NAP of Montenegro is mostly oriented towards ensuring women’s participation in the security sector on the local (police force), national (armed forces) and international (peacekeeping) levels. It also addresses the issue of human trafficking in Montenegro and provides mechanisms to address it regionally and internationally, while stressing the importance of coordination and partnership. The NAP specifies under every objective and activity a responsible entity for achieving the task and provides indicators to measure its implementation. While relevant ministries and donors are responsible for funding the NAP, there is no specific budget attached to the NAP. The NAP does not however address demilitarisation.