Poland has adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) for a period of four years (2018-2021). The NAP was drawn up by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment and was also submitted for public consultations, which involved non-governmental organizations (NGO’s). It sets out the conceptual framework for Poland's implementation of the eight UN Security Council resolutions on women, peace, and security. The NAP focuses on the need to increase women's participation in peace processes, peacekeeping missions and operations; the need to strengthen their role in decision-making processes related to ensuring peace, and the need to protect and support women and children in conflict and in post-conflict settings.
Poland experienced the two world wars at first hand. As a result of the wars, in 1918 Polish women and other women affected by the wars created the Voluntary Legion of Women (OLK) in Lviv. The purpose of the OLK was to advocate for Poland’s independence. Although Polish women faced the threat of repression, they took an active role in resisting the occupants during the second world war.
The implementation of activities set out in the document will be financed from the budgets of the relevant participating ministries and from the budgets of their subordinate units, academic centers, think-tanks and non‑governmental organizations. Disarmament is not mentioned in the NAP except for in reference to the general WPS agenda.
The NAP sets out four major outcomes. The first one involves the meaningful participation of women in conflict prevention and peacekeeping. The second is about the implementation of the WPS agenda through Polish humanitarian and development aid. The next two outcomes include the protection and support of victims of gender-based and sexual violence in conflict; and the promotion and development of the WPS agenda in Poland and in the framework of international cooperation. The outcomes of the National Action Plan will be implemented in 18 areas, including participation of women in missions and operations abroad; women in uniformed services and in the foreign service; support for victims of sexual violence in conflict; training on the WPS agenda.