National Action Plan: Poland

Poland has adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) for a period of four years (2018-2021). The NAP was drawn up by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment and was also submitted for public consultations, which involved non-governmental organizations (NGO’s). It sets out the conceptual framework for Poland's implementation of the eight UN Security Council resolutions on women, peace, and security. The NAP focuses on the need to increase women's participation in peace processes, peacekeeping missions and operations; the need to strengthen their role in decision-making processes related to ensuring peace, and the need to protect and support women and children in conflict and in post-conflict settings.

Poland experienced the two world wars at first hand. As a result of the wars, in 1918 Polish women and other women affected by the wars created the Voluntary Legion of Women (OLK) in Lviv. The purpose of the OLK was to advocate for Poland’s independence. Although Polish women faced the threat of repression, they took an active role in  resisting the occupants during the second world war.

The implementation of activities set out in the document will be financed from the budgets of the relevant participating ministries and from the budgets of  their subordinate units, academic centers, think-tanks and non‑governmental organizations. Disarmament is not mentioned in the NAP except for in reference to the general WPS agenda.

The NAP sets out four major outcomes. The first one involves the meaningful participation of women in conflict prevention and peacekeeping. The second is about the implementation of the WPS agenda through Polish humanitarian and development aid. The next two outcomes include the protection and support of victims of gender-based and sexual violence in conflict; and the promotion and development of the WPS agenda in Poland and in the framework of international cooperation. The outcomes of the National Action Plan will be implemented in 18 areas, including participation of women in missions and operations abroad; women in uniformed services and in the foreign service; support for victims of sexual violence in conflict; training on the WPS agenda.

Document PDF: 

Poland NAP WPS 2018-2021

WILPF

WILPF does not have a Polish section and did not participate in the creation, implementation or monitoring and evaluation of this NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Process

Civil society was consulted through the public consultation process in creating the NAP.

NAP Implementation

Civil society is included as part of the implementation process in reference to the budget but there is not specific detail on how civil society will be involved in implementing the NAP.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society were involved in the activities aimed at implementing the NAP. More specifically, they are involved in the main objectives of the monitoring and evaluation plan in terms of forming part of the efforts to increase the implementation of UNSCR 1325.

Government Actors

NAP Development

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, and the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment were involved in creating  the NAP.

NAP Implementation

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, and the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment are responsible for implementing the NAP.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The implementing governmental institutions (The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, and the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment)  will be responsible for the monitoring and evaluation of the NAP.

Objectives

The primary objectives of Poland’s NAP are focused on:

  • Meaningful participation of  women in conflict prevention and peacekeeping;

  • Implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda through the Polish humanitarian and development aid;

  • Protection and support of  the victims of conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence;

  • Promotion and development of the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Poland and in the framework of international cooperation.

Action/Activities

Each area of work has different actions assigned. For example, the fourth objective (Promotion and development of the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Poland and through international cooperation) which is under action 13 on “WPS agenda in reporting on the implementation of international conventions on human rights and equality” specifically includes the following actions:

  • Inclusion of the WPS agenda in the human rights Universal Periodic Review;

  • Inclusion of the WPS agenda in Polish periodic reports on the implementation of the CEDAW, including Recommendation no 30 on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations.

Timeframe

The implementation period for the Polish National Action Plan is four  years (2018-2021).

Indicators

Each strategic objective has a number of listed indicators. For instance, the fourth objective (Promotion and development of the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Poland and through international cooperation) includes action 13 on “WPS agenda in reporting on the implementation of international conventions on human rights and equality” includes the following  indicators:

  1. References to the WPS agenda- related matters;

  2. References to the WPS agenda- related matters.

Budget

The 2018-2021 NAP will be funded  from the budgets of individual ministries, and from the budgets of  their subordinate units, including academic centers, think-tanks and non‑governmental organizations.

Monitoring & Evaluation

The monitoring and evaluation framework of the NAP will be carried out in two phases. There will be mid-term and annual  evaluations. The institutions responsible for implementing the National Action Plan are responsible for its implementation, regular monitoring and annual evaluation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is tasked with coordinating the evaluation of the NAP  and developing an updated NAP. The main objectives of the evaluation of the NAP include: providing information on the results of the implementation of the NAP; assessing effectiveness of the implementation of the NAP; increasing the effectiveness of implementation of Resolution 1325 and subsequent resolutions on this subject by Polish institutions and nongovernmental organizations and  supporting the decision-making process in the context of setting outcomes and actions of the next NAP.

Disarmament

Poland’s NAP mentions the role of disarmament in conflict prevention as a general reference to the prevention pillar of the WPS agenda. Besides this reference, disarmament is not mentioned in the NAP.