The Belgium Government adopted its third NAP for the period 2017-2021. The drafting of this third NAP was coordinated by the Institute for the Equality of Women and Men and the FPS Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation. The NAP was also developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense, the FPS Interior and the SPF Justice, in consultations with civil society. Belgium originally launched their first National Action Plan of UNSCR 1325 on 8 May 2009 for the period 2009-2012. The second revised Belgium National Action Plan was launched in 2013 for the period of 2013-2016. Overall, the Belgian NAP is very unique in terms of its organisation. It is structured into chapters by objectives. Each chapter contains background information, guidelines and a list of actions with subsequent indicators. Before going into each priority area, the NAP lays out the national, regional and international normative and legal frameworks governing issues related to Women, Peace and Security.
Belgium is currently involved in the military intervention against ISIS/Daesh, as well as in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in Mali. Prior to that, it was involved in the 2001-2014 war in Afghanistan and in the 2011 military intervention in Libya. Belgium is also a key contributor to UN peacekeeping missions, NATO forces, as well as development aid and humanitarian assistance. The NAP focuses on three target countries, Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Mali, stating that coordination between departments will provide the opportunity to deepen the experience with this NAP and continue to apply it in these countries. Putting in place the NAP and monitoring in these countries may provide an example to implement UNSCR 1325 in other countries.
By adopting the NAP, Belgium reaffirms its commitment to improve the participation of women in prevention and resolution of conflicts and to take the necessary measures for the protection of women and girls before, during and after conflicts. The NAP focuses on what Belgium can do internally and externally (for other countries) to advance women’s participation. However, the NAP, while referencing the impact of armed conflict on women, does not offer any specific actions for disarmament and arms control, including monitoring mechanisms for assessing the impact of arms proliferation on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The NAP offers no specific framework for monitoring of the NAP implementation, does not have a timeline, does not give financing specifics and does not refer to specifics concerning civil society.