Iraqi society and Iraqi women in particular have suffered difficult conditions and catastrophes after several wars and economic sanctions that had a strong impact on women, and denied them – or at least partly led to denying them – access to their fundamental rights. Iraqi women have played an important part during times of armed conflicts and deterioration of social conditions. They have long struggled to maintain social order and ensure its sustainability. However, despite their early involvement in the process of construction and development and the role they play in shaping the future of Iraq and preserving its identity and unity, women are struggling on all levels to preserve their country, society, and family. Meanwhile, women face challenges that question their right to equal access to leadership positions and consider national issues to be exclusively masculine.