The republic of Kosovo adopted their first NAP in March 2014 for the period of 2013-2015. The NAP was developed by central institutions of the Republic of Kosovo alongside members of civil society and supported by UN Women and OHCHR. The NAP is developed to have a human rights based approach.
Kosovo is in a post-conflict transformation phase of recovery and reconciliation following the 1998-1999 conflict between armed forces from Yugoslavia (consisting of Montenegro and Serbia) and the Kosovo Albanian rebel group. Marking the end of a NATO intervention in Kosovo in 1999, the UNSC authorized the establishment of an international civil presence in Kosovo. The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) was created with the aim of ensuring that the people of Kosovo “can enjoy substantial autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and which will provide transitional administration while establishing and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Kosovo”. Kosovo declared independence on February 17, 2008 which was contested by Serbia and several other UN Member States. The declaration of independence was however supported by the European Union and the US. Shortly after its adopted, the International Court of Justice ruled that the declaration of independence was in line with international law and peace talks between Kosovo and Serbia began in 2011 where the EU acted as a mediator. The strategic objective of the UNMIK has since 2008 been the promotion of security, stability and respect for human rights. The government has committed to implementing the UNSCR 1325 and strengthened their support for the WPS agenda through the creating of the first NAP in 2014.
The Kosovo NAP does not include any language on disarmament or the links between militarisation and gender based violence.