The Republic of Korea (ROK or South Korea) released its second generation National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 implementation in September 2018. The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea called in February 2012 for a more systematic and strategic implementation of UNSCR 1325. Based on consensus for the establishment of the National Action Plan, the Government began the process of drafting it in 2012 which was completed in 2014. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has led the government-wide effort to draft the National Action Plan in close cooperation with civil society through a public-private consultative body, made up of representatives from government agencies, civil society, and academia.
The Korean peninsula remains divided, under an armistice agreement resulting from the Korean War. At the same time, the ROK is an active contributor to development cooperation and peacekeeping operations. During WWII, the ROK suffered from grave violations of women’s rights, namely, forced military sexual slavery (typically referred to in this specific context as “comfort women”) by the Japanese Imperial Army. Upon the establishment of the National Action Plan, the ROK Government reaffirms its commitment to raising the awareness of the international community on issues of sexual violence during armed conflict, and to further contributing to the prevention of such violence and protection of the victims.
From a recent '1325 Network' statement: “We hope that the 1325 NAP will be a key tool for promoting women's equal participation in conflict resolution and peacebuilding, for protecting women's human rights, and for strengthening gender equality and women’s empowerment. However, it is very unfortunate that the South Korean Government accepted only a small part of the various recommendations submitted by women's organizations during the NAP development process. It is most regrettable that the issues of establishing a civil society- governmental consultation body for 1325 NAP implementation, and the reality of the United States Forces in Korea and support for people who have been victimized as a result of their presence were not included in the NAP” (1325 Network Statement, 2014).