The Rwandan NAP was developed for the period 2009-2012. The NAP’s development was led by the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion, in collaboration with different stakeholders from public, private, civil society institutions and United Nations Agencies. The process included a baseline study and participatory workshops which sought to identify the key priorities of the NAP. The NAP is strategically linked to existing efforts to mainstream gender and promote women’s role in political and security decision-making. The Rwandan NAP includes a background section outlining the basic institutional and legal framework of Rwanda, including details on the social welfare system of the country. It even identifies good practices such as adopting a National Gender Policy to illustrate the positive strides the country has taken prior to the adoption of a NAP. Moreover, it highlights six key challenges, of which the lack of a UNSCR 1325 NAP is one. The Rwanda NAP is the only NAP to include a chronogram illustrating a specific timeline for implementation. It also includes one of the most specific budget estimates, which is specified by sub-activity and year (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014).
The NAP was developed within a post-conflict and recovery context, following the 1994 genocide. In 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in Rwanda murdered about 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority. The genocide spread quickly. Local officials and the Hutu Power government incited people to take up arms. By the time the Tutsi-led Rwandese Patriotic Front gained control of the country through a military operation in early July, and created 2 million more refugees (mainly Hutus) from Rwanda, exacerbating the humanitarian crisis.
While Rwanda's NAP quotes the UN Resolution calling on all states to control the flow of weapons and support disarmament, displacement, reconstruction, and reintegration efforts, the Rwandan NAP does not mention disarmament in any of its activities.