Spain has adopted two National Action Plans (NAP) to date, in 2007 and 2017. While the first NAP did not indicate a specific time frame or period of implementation, the second NAP is to be implemented for the period of 2017-2023.
The overarching goal of Spain’s second NAP is to “contribute to ensuring the protection of the human rights of women and girls, and their substantive participation in conflict prevention, as well as achieving and consolidating peace” (p. 16). The NAP highlights that the UNSCR 2242 (2015) was approved during Spain’s presidency of the Security Council, underscoring the importance of the WPS Agenda for Spain. The NAP stresses the importance of the agentive status of women, emphasizing the importance of gender equality for the full implementation of WPS commitments. Additionally, the NAP promotes an integrated agenda by demonstrating the links of the WPS Agenda to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with particular emphasis on SDGs 5 and 16 on gender equality and peace and justice, respectively. The NAP takes both a national and international approach to the implementation of the WPS Agenda, with particular focus on tackling the commitments holistically and promoting the interlinkages between gender equality reforms during implementation.
Spain does not have a recent history of active conflict, but does participate in international and regional peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. In 2018, Spain was among the top 20 countries with the highest military expenditure, with a total of $18.2 billion spent on military expenses. Spain has both signed and ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates the flow of weapons across international borders.