In June 2016, the United States of America (USA) adopted their second NAP which was developed on the basis of reviewing policy and programming as well as challenges and lessons learned from the implementation of the first NAP. Consultations were also held with civil society stakeholders during the drafting of the revised NAP. Recently, the USA enacted the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 2017, which was signed into law on October 6. This act will strengthen efforts to prevent, mitigate, and resolve conflict by increasing women’s participation in negotiation and mediation processes. The USA adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2011 for the period 2011-2015. The NAP was developed by an interagency group that included representatives from many government agencies and departments as well as civil society networks.
The USA has a history of being involved in conflicts outside of its borders. The United States has considerable influence in global security. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, and important economic, political and military power, the USA is regarded as a global superpower. The USA is a nuclear-armed state, the world’s largest supplier of arms and home country for a significant proportion of the growing private military contracting industry. The United States is presently engaged in military operations in several locations around the world, in addition to having numerous permanent bases, joint training operations and being a major troop contributor to NATO. The USA is also a large aid contributor and holds considerable influence in world banking institutions. As such, the NAP is interpreted in an international way.
The USA NAP is unique in setting a timeline for the three main departments in charge of implementation - Department of State, Department of Defense, and USAID – to develop their own departmental implementation plans. In August 2012 both State and USAID launched their organizational action plans. Moreover, the NAP mentions that the Interagency Policy Committee dedicated to Women, Peace and Security (WPS IPC) will later develop specific indicators for the purpose of monitoring implementation. Thus, the USA NAP comes across as relatively unspecific because it delegates issues to the future (Miller, Pournik, & Swaine, 2014).