Country / Region profile of: Japan

Women in Japan face considerable political and economic inequality compared to their male counterparts. Japanese women seek greater implementation of gender policies and programmes by the government to ensure justice and gender equality. Japan is a major aid donor and has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. However, Japan continues to have tension with North Korea over the latter's nuclear programme and with China and South Korea over disputed territory. Japan ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1985 and is ranked 114 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Japan ratified the ATT in 2014. In 2017, $ 45.3 billion was spent by Japan on its military. In October 2017, Japan took part in the UNSC Open Debate. They committed to steadily implementing its National Action Plan and ensuring its effective monitoring. Japan also committed to increasing their financial support to UN-Women and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Women activists in Japan are working to ensure that equal rights guaranteed by the Constitution actualise in everyday life. 

“I’m tired of being happy about ‘the first woman something’ forever... but I still welcome it if it will bring momentum for a new women’s era.” Mayumi Taniguchi

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 45,387,000,000
Military expenditure
Japan spends USD$45,387,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Support the UN Trust Fund for Human Security
This amount could support thousands of new projects supporting women in Japan and around the world, spearheaded by the UN Trust Fund for Human Security.
NAP 1325
The Japan NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments
Japan committed to increasing their financial support to UN-Women and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Jamaica

Women in Jamaica face challenges from discriminatory social norms, including limiting their political participation and high incidences of gender-based violence. Jamaica has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. Jamaica ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 19 October 1984 and is ranked 51 out of 144 listed countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. In 2017, $131 million was spent by Jamaica on its military; however it currently does not have a NAP for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Jamaica participated in the 2017 UNSC Open Debate but made no financial commitments to the WPS Agenda. Jamaica ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 3rd June 2014. Women activists continue to advocate for more focused gender language in Jamaica's legal codes and stronger implementation of existing laws to overcome the discriminatory and violent attitudes against women.

"“It is only through gender mainstreaming that it can be ensured that the needs of both men and women are incorporated into policies and programmes. This will ensure that men and women have equal opportunity to assist in the development of our nation. It is through gender equality that we can ensure sustainable development."" - Sharon Ffolkes-Abrahams"

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 131,000,000
Military expenditure
Jamaica spends USD$131,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Funding environmentally-conscious farmers
This amount could give girl students the opportunity to gain practical farming experience by working on organic farms.
NAP 1325
Jamaica does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Jamaica made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Italy

Italian women occupy only a small percentage of the high positions in government and in corporations. Italy is a major participant of United Nations peacekeeping missions and has peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe. Italy ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1985 and  ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 2 April 2014. Italy is ranked 82 out of 145 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). During the 2017 October Open Debate, Italy gave a statement affirming support for WPS and made a commitment to support a number of projects led by UN-Women in Africa, the Middle East and Central America in the areas of both women’s empowerment and engagement in peace and security processes, for approximately $10 million. In 2017, $ 29.2 billion were spent by Italy on its military; subsequently, the National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) has no allocated budget.  Women activists in Italy continue to advocate for greater attention and focus by the Government on issues of gender equality and women's empowerment.

"Wars bring to mind a mass death penalty. Everything is possible without wars, but with all the wars raging in many regions, nothing is possible anymore. We are facing a grim picture. " - Marinella Correggia

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 29,236,000,000
Military expenditure
Italy spends USD$29,236,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Supporting equal pay for women
This amount could provide employment training and support for women in Italy, who are currently 12 percentage points below the EU average for paid work
NAP 1325
The Italy NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments
Italy in 2017 pledged to support a number of projects led by UN-Women in Africa, the Middle East and Central America in the areas of both women’s empowerment and engagement in peace and security processes, for approximately $10 million.

Country / Region profile of: Guyana

Women's rights organisations in Guyana began with organised protests against colonialism, slavery, and indentureship, and they continue to campaign for peace, justice, and equality today. Guyana has ongoing border disputes with both Venezuela and Suriname over regions that are rich in natural resources. Domestically, persistent ethnic tensions exist between two groups: one, the descendants of Africans who were brought through the sugar plantation slave trade, and the other, the descendants of indentured Indian agricultural workers who were brought after slavery was abolished. Guyana ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1980. Guyana was not ranked in the Global Gender Gap Index in 2017; however, it was ranked 66 out of 142 in 2015. Guyana voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, and ratified on 4th July 2013. Guyana participated in the UNSC Open Debate in 2017 but made no relevant statements. Guyana does not have a National Action Plan on WPS. Nonetheless, the military spending for 2017 was of $57.3 million. Although women in Guyana have seen progress in gender equality through the passage of acts addressing gender-based violence, effective implementation of gender equality policies is difficult as the mechanisms for implementation lack capacity and are often dominated by men.

"For all they have achieved, women are still carrying the burdens of the cycles of continuing crises by whatever name these are called – structural adjustment, globalization, fuel price, food shortages and, I may add, male chauvinism and pre-eminence." - Christina Ramjattan

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 57,300,000
Military expenditure
Gyuana spends USD$57,300,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
National Action Plan
This amount could cover the creation of the country's first National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325... and its funding over at least a three-year period
NAP 1325
Guyana does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: Israel

During Israel's long history of conflict with its Arab neighbours and with the Palestinians, Israeli women have organised movements opposing these conflicts and mobilising support for peace. In July 2016, the Middle East Quartet released a report stating that if tensions were not eased soon, the two state solution would cease to be an option, prompting a widespread concern among the member states of the UNSC. The international community has criticised both Israel and Hamas for violations of international humanitarian laws adopted resolution 2334 in December 2016 affirming illegality of the Israeli settlements in Palestine and Golan Heights. Israel ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1991 and signed the Arms Trade Treary on December 18, 2014. Israel is ranked 44 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Israel gave a statement affirming support for WPS but made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. In 2017, Israel spent an estimated $ 16.4 billion on its military. Though the state has yet to adopt a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000),  Israeli women peace activists have created joint organisations with Palestinian women in a mutual recognition of lasting peace and for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. In 2016 the Freedom Flotilla Coalition made up of a collaboration of women peace activists from Palestine, Israel, and other countries attempted to break the Gaza blockade. Though the attempt was unsuccessful, it was a prime example of the work being conducted by Israeli and Palestinian women to build peace between their two nations. 

“When women are not in positions where they can make decisions and are not included in the experts and commentators who explain wars to us, all of society loses.” - Aliza Lavie

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 1,648,900,000
Military expenditure
Israel spends USD$16,489,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Support clean water technology
This amount could address water shortage and pollution, ensuring a healthier environment for Israel's women
NAP 1325
Israel does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Israel made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Zimbabwe

Zambia

South Africa

Yemen

Samoa

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