Women in Armenia enjoyed equal political, economic and cultural rights since the beginning of 20th century when Armenia declared its first independent republic in May 1918. According to the report entitled “Cases of Domestic Violence and Murder of Women in Armenia”, during the period in question, at least 30 women aged 20-40 were killed in domestic violence." As many as 26 cases of those murders were committed in homes. Following the 1990 declaration of independence from the Soviet Union, Armenia suffered significant casualties but gained independence in 1994. Today, Nagorno-Karabakh—the disputed border region between Armenia and Azerbaijan since 2014—faces an increasing risk of renewed hostilities due to the failure of mediation efforts, escalating militarisation, and frequent cease-fire violations. Due to the conflict, the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh is isolated from much development work, including work to strengthen women’s rights. The Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation works with local women’s organisations in Armenia and Azerbaijan to increase women’s power and influence in society and in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process. Women’s groups on the ground are calling for peace negotiations to resume in order to resolve the conflict once and for all. This conflict presents immediate threats to women, including the large portions of women refugees and internally displaced people in the region. In 2007, Armenia instituted a gender quota law that increased the number of female politicians. Armenia acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. The country has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). As of 2017, Armenia is ranked number 97 of 144 on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In 2017, Armenia set up inter-agency working group for the elaboration of a National Action Plan on the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), with a view to its adoption in 2018 The progress of Armenian women continues at a slow pace, with Armenian women being seen as some of the least represented in global politics.