The Brazilian Constitution guarantees women the same rights as men, yet women lag behind men in both political and economic status throughout the country. In 2015 femicide became an official crime, however widespread victimisation remains a persistent problem in the state. Brazil has not been involved in any armed conflicts recently, though there were protests in response to the mistreatment of poor residents and labourers leading up to the World Cup. Women in Brazil, though equal under the law, face discrimination based on lingering traditions. Brazil ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1984. Brazil is currently ranked at number 90 of the 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Brazil voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, but has not yet ratified. Local organisations, including the National Council on Women’s Rights, and women across the country are working to guarantee the security and protection of Brazilian women. Brazil participated in the October 2017 Open Debate on WPS. The Government of Brazil launched its first National Action Plan (NAP) in March 2017 for a period of two years (2017-2019).