Growing turmoil in the region has displaced thousands, limited services for women, and exacerbated the already widespread discrimination and violence against Chadian women. The Constitution in Chad and the laws prohibit gender-based discrimination, but the Government does not enforce these provisions. Chad ranked number 141 of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Chad acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1995. Discrimination against women, trafficking and exploitation of women is widespread. Peacebuilding efforts and agreements have made no attempt to emphasise women's participation, but Chadian women continue to make significant contributions through informal channels. Chad voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), signed on 25th September 2013, and ratified on 25th March 2015. In the October 2017 Open Debate on WPS, Chad did not make a statement or any specific commitment. Whereas Chad had a $210 million in military spending in 2017, it did not commit to financing the WPS Agenda.