Chile has made a remarkable transition to democracy after General Pinochet's 17-year rule. President Michelle Bachelet has made great strides to reduce gender discrimination. Half the positions in her cabinet are held by women. However, Chile now faces the Mapuche conflict with the Mapuche community, who are organising for land rights. Chile ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW) in 1989. Currently, Chile is ranked at number 63 of the 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Chile voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, but has not yet ratified. In its 2012 country report, the CEDAW Committee expressed concern at the lack of measures taken by the government to address other forms of violence against women, including femicide outside the family sphere and sexual violence. In October 2017, Chile participated in the Open Debate on WPS and followed up on its 2016 commitments, including around working for the implementation of the resolution as well as to support the monitoring by the civil society to it. Nonetheless, Chile did not make any financial commitment to increase women's political participation. The Chilean Government has launched its second NAP for a period of four years (2015-2018) which builds on Chile’s first NAP. This new version of the NAP includes the most recent United Nations recommendations on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) and the proposals from different civil society organisations. In 2017, Chile spent $5.1 bln in the military. Chilean peace activists advocate for women's human rights and most recently joined protests across South America to eradicate endemic SGBV.