Country / Region profile of: China

The Constitution of China states that "women enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life", but authorities often do not enforce laws protecting women. The Chinese authorities' attempt to ban Uyghur (Turkic ethnic group) women from wearing face veils and men from wearing beards has gathered significant international attention. Violence against women remains a significant problem in China. Women in rural areas are especially vulnerable. China is currently ranked at number 100 out of 145 countries listed in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. China ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1980. China abstained from signing the ATT. In 2017, $228 bln was spent by China on its military. In October 2015, the representative of China committed to take a series of measures to help developing countries address the challenges facing women and girls in the areas of health and education and will strengthen the training of local women. However, there was no follow-up on this statement in October 2016. China participated in the 2017 WPS Open Debate but made no commitments for implementing the WPS Agenda. Women's rights non-governmental organisations in China work towards challenging the existing patriarchy, amplifying the voices of rural women and drawing attention to the social and political issues of women. 

"My primary goal is to educate and make sure that every single girl and woman know that they are human beings first, a girl and a woman second. On that basis, all girls and boys, women and men are equal. Every single one of them is a gold mine with great potential, wisdom and energy."- Wu Qing


$ 228,231,000,000
Military expenditure
China spends USD$ 228,230,700,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Sending girls to school
This amount could send hundreds of thousands of Chinese girls to college or university
NAP 1325
China does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
China made no financial commitments for WPS in 2017.