Despite constitutional guarantees, women face discrimination in nearly every aspect of their lives, especially in rural areas where they are often discouraged from attaining paid employment and education at the high school level. Although the Fundamental Act of the Republic of Congo states that discrimination based on race or sex is illegal and also ensures equal pay for equal work, women remain women highly underrepresented in the workplace and governance. The Republic of the Congo is not currently among the 144 countries ranked in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) in 2017. The Republic of the Congo ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1982. However, despite it voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty and signed it on 25th September 2013, it has not yet ratified it. Not only does it not have yet a National Action Plan on WPS, but also in the October 2015 Open Debate on WPS, the Republic of Congo did not commit to implementation of the WPS Agenda. In 2017, the Republic of Congo spent $484.3 mln on its military. Women's organisation in the country work on a range of issues including social development, health, poverty and unemployment, education, promotion of human rights, climate change and environmental pollution and the rights of women, indigenous peoples and vulnerable groups.