The basic documents which guarantee the principle of equality are the Constitution of the Czech Republic and the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. These documents declare that all people are free and equal in their dignity and in their rights. However, women in the Czech Republic, particularly from minority groups, face risks of gender-based violence. The Czech Republic, formerly part of Czechoslovakia, split peacefully with Slovakia in 1993 and is currently engaged in Afghanistan as a NATO member. Tension amongst the many ethnic groups in the Czech Republic has resulted in various forms of discrimination and aggression. The Czech Republic acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993 and ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 25 September 2014. The Czech Republic is ranked 88 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). During the 2015 October Open Debate, the Czech Republic gave a statement affirming support for WPS but made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. In 2017, the Czech Republic spent $2232.9 mln on its military. The Czech Republic launched its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2017 for the period of three years, 2017-2020. Women’s NGOs and a number of non-governmental organisations are active partners in promoting gender equality in the Czech Republic.