Women in Djibouti continue to face gender-based violence, including female genital mutilation, and laws designed to protect women against violence are not effectively enforced (or in the case of domestic violence and spousal rape, simply do not exist). Family and inheritance laws are based on Islamic principles, or Sharia law, and greatly discriminate against women. Djibouti has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently, but has previously had an armed dispute on the border with Eritrea in 2008 in addition to ethnic conflict in the 1990s between the two main ethnic groups of Somali and Ethiopian origins. WILPF research indicates that the foreign military bases may be contributing to sexual violence in that country, including possible human trafficking and forced prostitution. Djibouti acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on 2nd December, 1998. Djibouti is not among the 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Djibouti voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, but has not yet ratified. The state representative did no make any statements during the Security Council Open Debates on Women, Peace and Security in the last two years; subsequently, there is no 1325 National Action Plan. Women in Djibouti continue to advocate for further laws protecting women from violence and eliminating gender discrimination and greater measures improving girls' access to education and increasing women's public participation.