The armed conflict in neighboring country Colombia has had a marked impact on women in Ecuador. With the dangerous security conditions along the border, women, especially refugees, face widespread sexual and gender-based violence and a lack of procedural safeguards. The illegal arms trade in Ecuador has contributed to the Colombian conflict and, to some degree, the gun violence against women. Ecuador ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981 and is ranked 42 out of 144 listed countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Ecuador abstained from the vote on the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, and has not yet signed or ratified. Nonetheless, their military spending in 2017 was as high as $2427,2 million. The Ecuadorian women's civil society movement has been actively promoting women's rights, and their efforts have successfully led to the creation of an autonomous agency dedicated to women's affairs Consejo Nacional De La Mujer (CONAMU).