Country / Region profile of: Ecuador

The armed conflict in neighboring country Colombia has had a marked impact on women in Ecuador. With the dangerous security conditions along the border, women, especially refugees, face widespread sexual and gender-based violence and a lack of procedural safeguards. The illegal arms trade in Ecuador has contributed to the Colombian conflict and, to some degree, the gun violence against women. Ecuador ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981 and is ranked 42 out of 144 listed countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. Ecuador abstained from the vote on the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, and has not yet signed or ratified. Nonetheless, their military spending in 2017 was as high as $2427,2 million. The Ecuadorian women's civil society movement has been actively promoting women's rights, and their efforts have successfully led to the creation of an autonomous agency dedicated to women's affairs Consejo Nacional De La Mujer (CONAMU). 

“A definite change is taking place. [Young people] are not afraid of showing themselves as they are, and neither do they say, ‘poor women, such victims!’ because [gender equality] is an issue both men and women have to work on.” - Carolina Félix


$ 2,427,200,000
Military expenditure
Ecuador spends USD$ 2,427,200,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Primary school education
This amount could provide free primary school education for 400,000 children including girls from rural and indigenous communities for five years
NAP 1325
Ecuador does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments