Country / Region profile of: Egypt

Egyptian women have long struggled for greater equality under authoritarian regimes on one side and radical extremists on the other. At the nexus of the Arab Spring, women in Egypt were on the frontlines of protests and faced gender-based sexual violence and repression following elections and a military coup. The government of Egypt is using the “NGO Foreign Funding” case to  target Women Human Rights Defenders (WHRDs) and feminists for their activism and work to defend various rights. The impact of this law has extended to WILPF partners, forcing them to close their offices (due to the lack of funding), while several members were arrested and summoned for investigation. Egypt ranked 134 out of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index. In 1981, Egypt ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Egypt has not ratified or signed the Arms Trade Treaty. During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Egypt made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. In 2016, $2773.7 million was spent by Egypt on its military; however, they have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Egyptian women's rights leaders remain active advocates against female genital mutilation and increasing women's political and economic participation.

"Egypt’s civil society is being treated like an enemy of the state, rather than a partner for reform and progress" -Said Boumedouha


$ 2,773,700,000
Military expenditure
Egypt spends USD$ 2,773,700,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Empowering Egyptian women
This amount could buy small business supplies for around 8,000,000 Egyptian women.
NAP 1325
Egypt does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments