Country / Region profile of: El Salvador

Women activists in El Salvador remain underrepresented in the labour force compared to men and are employed at lower rates than men. El Salvador has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war since the brutal civil war during the 1980s. El Salvador ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981 and is ranked 62 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In terms of disarmament, El Salvador voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 5th June 2013, and ratified on 2nd April 2014. El Salvador released a NAP in 2017 with a cohesive framework for monitoring and evaluating its goals, but without allocated funding for these acitons. In 2017, El Salvador spent $246.8 million on the military. El Salvador participated in the UNSC Open Debate in October 2017, but did not make any relevant statements. Women peace activists continue to work with the community to campaign for greater implementation of laws on gender-based violence and enhancement of women's voices in the security of El Salvador; their efforts have led to historical progress on women's rights, including the passage of the Special Law on Women, which offered wider protections for women, in 2010. 

"We're at a place where we're trying to figure out what else we can do to help women. We look forward to the future and to more of this work [of women's grassroots social movements]." - Cristina Reyes


$ 246,800,000
Military expenditure
El Salvador spends USD$ 246,800,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Primary school education
This amount could send about 5,260,000 girls to public primary schools
NAP 1325
El Salvador released a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2017.
WPS commitments