Country / Region profile of: Ethiopia

Ethiopia has some of the lowest gender equality performance indicators in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the Constitution and the National Policy on Women afford Ethiopian women equality before the law, in practice, women continue to face obstacles from discriminatory traditions and extreme poverty. The long periods of armed conflict inside and outside its borders have contributed to poverty and displacement of many women. Ethiopia has also been engaged in counter-insurgency operations against the Ogaden National Liberation Front in Ethiopia's Somali region (known as Ogaden) since 1994. Ethiopia ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 10th September 1981 and is ranked 115 out of 144 listed countries on the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In regards to disarmament, Ethiopia voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified. In 2017, $487,800,000 was spent by Ethiopia on its military. Women activists in Ethiopia continue to fight for women's rights and protection against sexual violence amidst political and social repression.

"I meet with others up to three times each week, listening to their concerns and discussing possible solutions. I love women and I will always stand up for them, to make sure they get the services they deserve." - Alemnish Tefera Abebe


$ 487,800,000
Military expenditure
Ethiopia spends USD$487,800,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Women's empowerment
This amount could be spent funding 788,000 women on a year-long program helping them to support their families and learn job skills
NAP 1325
Ethiopia does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments