Women in Greece still face inequality in political participation and the labour market. Greece has been involved in a number of international conflicts, including Afghanistan, and is engaged in a naming dispute over territory with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Currently, Greece is the European Union’s most troubled member due to the ongoing refugee crisis in the region. Cases of sexual and gender-based violence against refugees are being reported every day. Greece ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1983 and is ranked 92 out of 144 listed countries in the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Greece ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 3 June 2013. During the 2015 October UNSC Open Debate, Greece gave a statement affirming support for WPS expressing its firm commitment to actively promoting, in law and in practice, women’s participation in peacebuilding and mediation efforts. No relevant statements were made in the 2017 UNSC Open Debate. Greece also has been in close dialogue with civil society concerning the role of women in conflict and post-conflict situations in order to promote women’s leadership in all relevant initiatives. In 2016, $4973 million were spent Greece on its military; subsequently; the National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) has not been developed yet. Women peace activists in Greece are working to promote a gender perspective holistically within political agendas.