After the global financial crisis in 2008, Icelandic women were at the forefront in the recovery of the economy. Despite its lack of armed forces, Iceland is a member of NATO and thus involved in NATO operations, including the international conflict in Afghanistan. In 1985, Iceland ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Iceland voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), signed on 3rd June 2013, and ratified on 2nd July 2013. No information is available as to Iceland's military spending in 2017. Iceland is ranked 1 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Despite Iceland's success in certain areas, gender issues - including gender stereotyping in the labour market and economic inequality - continue to exist in Iceland and further progress toward gender equality and women's empowerment is necessary.