Country / Region profile of: India

Indian women continue to struggle against discriminatory social norms and traditions that are the roots of gender-based violence, honour-killings, dowry-related deaths, and female infanticide and feticide. Laws prohibiting child marriage, pre-natal sex-selection tests, and dowries are often not enforced, while laws excluding women from inheriting property continue to exist. India has a long-standing dispute with Pakistan over the region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of two out of the three wars between the two countries since 1947. India is a nuclear-armed state. India ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993 and is ranked 108 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In October 2017, India participated in the October Open Debate and gave a statement committing to fulfil the pledge to have women serve in 15 per cent of military observer positions by the end of this year. India has also committed to provide another all-female formed police unit. In 2017, India spent $ 63.9 billion on its military. Women activists continue to advocate across ethnic and religious lines to empower women economically and politically and eliminate gender discrimination within society.

"The political parties in India are all male-dominated and they don't want to give women the opportunity to empower themselves. . . . On the one hand, these politicians promise all these things for women such as jobs and protecting our security, but we don't want that. We want to be able to get our own jobs and protect ourselves. We are telling them, please don't do anything for us, just give us the voice so we can empower ourselves." - Ranjana Kumari


$ 63,924,000,000
Military expenditure
India spends USD$63,924,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Funding women's political campaigns
This amount could fund dozens of campaigns for MPs in India, promoting women-centric policies and peace.
NAP 1325
India does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
India made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.