Indian women continue to struggle against discriminatory social norms and traditions that are the roots of gender-based violence, honour-killings, dowry-related deaths, and female infanticide and feticide. Laws prohibiting child marriage, pre-natal sex-selection tests, and dowries are often not enforced, while laws excluding women from inheriting property continue to exist. India has a long-standing dispute with Pakistan over the region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of two out of the three wars between the two countries since 1947. India is a nuclear-armed state. India ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993 and is ranked 108 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In October 2017, India participated in the October Open Debate and gave a statement committing to fulfil the pledge to have women serve in 15 per cent of military observer positions by the end of this year. India has also committed to provide another all-female formed police unit. In 2017, India spent $ 63.9 billion on its military. Women activists continue to advocate across ethnic and religious lines to empower women economically and politically and eliminate gender discrimination within society.