Women peace advocates have been vital to the peacebuilding efforts in Ireland and Northern Ireland and the country is active in international peacekeeping, although there is a low proportion of women in these latter operations. Ireland pursues a policy of military neutrality and is not a member of NATO. Ireland acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1985 and is ranked 8 out of 145 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Ireland voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, and ratified on 2nd April 2014. In 2017, Ireland spent $1.1 billion USD on it's military. In 2017, Ireland took part in the UNSC Open Debate and stated their major cooperation with and financial support to the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Ireland is a founding member and a key funder of the excellent Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, and stated various other initiatives in support of WPS. Ireland is one of only 14 States, along with the EU, that are signatories to the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies. In 2016, Ireland was ranked 6th for gender parity by the World Economic Forum in areas such as economics, politics, education and health, however more efforts are needed to achieve full gender parity in ireland. In addition to their participation in grass-roots peacebuilding, Irish women activists continue to promote gender equality and women's empowerment in government and in the workplace.