Women in Japan face considerable political and economic inequality compared to their male counterparts. Japanese women seek greater implementation of gender policies and programmes by the government to ensure justice and gender equality. Japan is a major aid donor and has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. However, Japan continues to have tension with North Korea over the latter's nuclear programme and with China and South Korea over disputed territory. Japan ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1985 and is ranked 114 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Japan ratified the ATT in 2014. In 2017, $ 45.3 billion was spent by Japan on its military. In October 2017, Japan took part in the UNSC Open Debate. They committed to steadily implementing its National Action Plan and ensuring its effective monitoring. Japan also committed to increasing their financial support to UN-Women and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Women activists in Japan are working to ensure that equal rights guaranteed by the Constitution actualise in everyday life.