The principles of nondiscrimination and gender equality are clearly articulated and included in the country’s development plans, but the realisation of gender-equality goals remains a top-down process characterised by high-level declarative strategies. Kazakhstan, which has experienced significant economic growth in recent years, has been taking a leading role in promoting regional stability and cooperation in Central Asia and is seen as a positive example for the region. However, the country’s progress toward gender equality has not kept pace with its other accomplishments. Kazakhstan has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. Kazakhstan acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1998 and is ranked 52 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). During the 2015 October Open Debate, Kazakhstan gave a statement affirming support for WPS and expressed the state's determination to develop the National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). During the 2017 debate, Kazakhstan stated its commitment to WPS, and is focusing on achieving the target of earmarking 15 per cent of its official development assistance for gender mainstreaming. In 2017, $ 1.3 billion was spent by Kazakhstan on its military. Kazakstan has not signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). The growth of Kazakhstan's economy over the years has resulted in the discontinuation of much international aid for women's rights groups, which endures a lack of domestic support and challenges as a result of government restrictions.