Women in Luxembourg are underrepresented in the parliament and cabinet and face inadequate protection in the legal system as current laws often fail to protect many women from sexual violence and exploitation. Luxembourg has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently. Luxembourg ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1989 and is ranked 59 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Luxembourg ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 3 June 2014. In 2017, $318 mln was spent by Luxembourg on its military. In October 2015, the representative of Luxembourg states that the country will remain a strong and reliable partner of UN-Women, to which it is one of the top 20 contributors. In the WPS Open Debate 2017, Luxembourg made no relevant statements. Women activists in Luxembourg continue to advocate for greater implementation of policies to lessen the gender gap and empower women politically and economically.