Country / Region profile of: Madagascar

Although protected constitutionally, women in Madagascar continue to struggle against discriminatory laws and practices and limited political representation. Madagascar experienced a political and economic crisis when the coup in 2009 resulted in suspension from the African Union and the withdrawal of foreign aid. The January 2014 inauguration of a new president has contributed to ending the crisis. Madagascar ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 17th March 1989 and is currently ranked 80th out of 144 in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In regards to disarmament, Madagascar voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 25th September, but has not yet ratified. In 2017, Madagascar spent $67.3 mln on military expenditures. Madagaskar has not participated in open Debates on Women, Peace and Security; subsequently, it has no 1325 National Action Plan. Poor governance, insecurity and violence in Madagascar has a disproportionate effect on women, as political and economic crises exacerbate discrimination and violence against women.

"If we wait for mentalities to change, women will be excluded from power for a long time yet. We must legislate." - Yvette Sylla


$ 67,300,000
Military expenditure
Madagascar spends USD$67,300,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Reproductive health care
This amount could provide sexual health and reproductive rights services for rural women and girls
NAP 1325
Madagascar does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Madagascar in 2015 pledged to remain a strong and reliable partner of UN Women, to which it is one of the top 20 contributors. It said it will maintain its high level of financial contribution in the area of gender mainstreaming in the budgets of United Nations agencies and is pursuing a strategy of taking into account the conditions, priorities and needs of women as part of its official development assistance, which amounts to 1% of our gross national income.