Women in the Marshall Islands have historically had little access to resources, accurate information or higher education and thus have been disadvantaged and disempowered with respect to having ‘a voice’. The Marshall Islands acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 2006, but has not been listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2017. Marshall islands voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), but has not yet signed or ratified. There is no data on military expenditures. During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, the Marshall Islands did not make any statements affirming support for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. They have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). The inheritance of property and traditional rank is matrilineal, with women occupying important positions in the traditional system. However, the traditional authority exercised by women has declined with growing urbanization. In addition, there is a lack of interest or will within the legislature in the Marshall Islands to comply with CEDAW and/or enact legislation to address violence against women, which is prevalent.