The promotion of the fundamental rights of women and girls in Mauritania is prohibited by illiteracy, poverty, ignorance of the law, and gender-based violence (GBV). Although the Constitution of Mauritania advocates for gender equality in Article 1, there is no precise definition of discrimination in the Mauritanian legislation. Mauritania ranks 132 out of 144 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2017. Mauritania voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, and has ratified on 28 September 2015. In 2016, $136 million was spent by Mauritania on its military. Currently, there is no data on military expenditure. Currently Mauritania does not have a NAP for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Although Mauritania acceded the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 10 May 2001, it has entered a reservation stating that only articles that comply with Sharia Law and the Mauritanian Constitution would be applied. This is problematic as these laws are sometimes opposed to the attainment of women's rights. For example, according to the 2001 Family Code, women are accorded the status of perpetual minors. Women’s groups continue to reach out to communities through various channels including moderate religious and community leaders to explain that these laws and practices are not against culture but rather want to protect women from practices that endanger their health and lives.