There are no legal barriers to the participation of women or minorities in government and politics in Mongolia. The increase in female representation was helped by a December 2011 parliamentary election law, which includes a 20 percent quota for women candidates by political parties. Mongolia ranks 53 out of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) and has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981. Mongolia signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013 but did not ratify it. In 2017, $83 mln was spent by Mongolia on its military. Domestic violence remains a serious problem in Mongolia, and there are no laws against sexual harassment. Recognizing these issues, educated women have banded together to form NGOs to criminalize domestic abuse, to improve conditions for women in the labor force, to conduct research on employment, prostitution, and inequalities in wages for women.