Moroccan women have struggled in recent years to get the Government to enforce laws promoting women's rights. Morocco is the occupying power of Western Sahara and occasionally faces resistance from the Sahrawi independence movement, which employs many women in its military while many more participate in protests. The Moroccan Government has been concerned with weapons flowing through Algeria into Western Sahara creating renewed violence that often marginalises women and results in torture, killing, and forced disappearances. Morocco ranked 136 out of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Morocco ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 21 June 1993. Morocco voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified it. During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Morocco gave a statement affirming support for WPS but made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325. In 2017, $3.4 bln was spent by Morocco on its military; however, they have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Although women have suffered some setbacks by a conservative push to keep women's role primarily domestic, Moroccan women's rights activists are continuing to organize around national and international law for peace, justice, and equaltiy.